While the decarbonisation of Norway`s transport system is one of the three main objectives of the National Transport Plan 2018-2029, the majority of the NOK 69.3 billion ($7.6 billion) allocated to the transport budget in 2020 has still been spent on building and improving roads and motorways. However, there is a stated commitment to increase public spending on major public transport projects in the four largest urban areas and to reduce ticket prices in major cities. The Paris Agreement entered into force in November 2016. It is the first global agreement that commits all countries to more ambitious targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Norway was among the first countries to ratify the agreement. The Paris Agreement gives reason to hope that the countries of the world can work together to prevent dangerous climate change. Norway will implement its NDC with the EU and Iceland. As part of the agreement, Norway has committed to achieving net-zero emissions from its land sector by 2030, in line with EU land sector rules. However, Norway is allowed to use up to 1.6 MtCO2e for net mining in the land sector in order to reach its original NDC. Assuming this amount remains unchanged as part of its update of NDCs, Norway`s emission reduction targets by 2030 will be 47-52% below 1990 levels once this net elimination is excluded. – Environmental cooperation is part of the EEA Agreement and almost all EU environmental law is transposed into Norwegian law. Topics covered include environmental protection, water, air, chemicals, waste, environmental impact assessment and genetically modified organisms. While Norway`s updated NDC will lead to greater emission reductions, the magnitude of the change is not sufficient to improve its “inadequate” CAT rating: the original and updated NDCs are within this range.
“We are all responsible for each other, for the world`s poorest people and for future generations. The Climate Action Plan will contribute to a process of fair transformation so that Norway takes its share of responsibility,” said Minister of Children and Families Kjell Ingolf Ropstad. The world`s rainforests are one of the world`s largest carbon sinks, home to millions of people and home to more than half of the world`s known animal and plant species. Norway provides a significant amount of REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries). . Extreme weather events are more frequent than before, sea levels are rising, and droughts and floods are more frequent. Air pollution alone kills 7 million people a year. Climate change and environmental damage are destroying ecosystems, with negative effects on development, health and food production. Climate change exacerbates humanitarian disasters, fuels conflict and makes some areas uninhabitable.
It is crucial that all countries do their part to prevent further loss and damage from the effects of climate change. This work can save lives and property and reduce the need for humanitarian assistance in the event of a disaster. Norway`s climate policy is cost-effective, which means that a significant part of the reductions are likely to be achieved by offsetting with emission reductions abroad. Norway`s long-term goal for 2050 to become a “low-carbon society” was enshrined in the Climate Protection Act in 2017, which was described as an 80-95% reduction from 1990 levels. In a January 2019 statement, the government signaled its intention to increase this target to a 90-95% reduction in emissions, but has not yet officially done so by June 2020. In addition, the government has not specified what proportion of the reductions are to be achieved in Canada and how much is to be achieved through international offset loans. This Act shall not preclude the setting of other types of targets to promote Norway`s transition to a low-emission society in addition to the climate targets set out in paragraphs 1 to three of this Section. This law applies from the date decided by the King1.
The law is not intended to prevent the joint achievement of climate objectives set or adopted in the law with the EU. The government will use the memorandum of understanding it has signed with agricultural organizations as a basis for climate-related work in this sector in the coming years. “This action plan will allow us to exceed Norway`s target for non-ETS emissions of 40%, and we will achieve this through national emission reductions,” said Rotevatn. . We expect current emissions in 2020 to be 5% to 9% lower than in 2019 due to the impact of COVID-19 on the economy and activity levels. The Norwegian government has presented a stimulus package of $2.8 billion (NOK 27 billion). These include tax breaks for oil and gas companies, which economists say could lead Norway to produce oil and gas for longer than expected. The aviation industry has also received significant financial support without improving the climate impact of the sector. Only $375 million (NOK 3.6 billion) of the stimulus package is earmarked for green measures, including research and development of green technologies.
Fridtjof Nansen are involved in the important work on mapping marine litter on the seabed, especially plastic litter that causes serious environmental damage. The goal is for Norway to become a low-emission society by 2050. A low-emission society is a society in which greenhouse gas emissions have been reduced on the basis of the best available scientific evidence, global emission trends and national circumstances in order to avoid the adverse effects of global warming in accordance with Article 2(1). (a) the Paris Agreement of 12 December 2015. Norway`s electricity generation is almost exclusively renewable: in 2018, 95% of electricity was generated by hydropower plants and 2.6% by wind farms. Only 2.4% of the production came from thermal power plants, mainly in industrial heating processes. Enova has been given a clearer climate profile, which will contribute to Norway`s commitment to reducing non-ETS emissions and Norway`s transition to a low-carbon society. “Climate policy is the sum of all our efforts – how we are transforming Norway and preparing the country for the future. We will reduce emissions and improve CO2 reductions in ways that transform Norway and promote green growth.
To achieve this, we need a greener, smarter and more innovative industrial sector,” said Prime Minister Erna Solberg. The country`s electricity and heating are largely covered by hydropower, so transportation and oil and gas extraction and processing are the largest emitters. Norway is committed to meeting its emissions reduction target under the Paris Agreement. Today, the government is presenting a white paper outlining its action plan to transform Norwegian society as a whole by 2030. The plan shows how Norway will achieve its climate goal while creating green growth. .